Upload data from multiple worksheets of an excel file into SAP

This program demonstrates hoe to read data from multiple worksheets of an excel file.
I developed this code using SAP class:
CL_GUI_CUSTOM_CONTAINER
and intefaces:
I_OI_CONTAINER_CONTROL,
I_OI_DOCUMENT_PROXY AND
I_OI_SPREADSHEET.

The test file:



The selection screen:



The output:



The Code:

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*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZTEST_SOURAV_EXCEL
*&
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Sourav Bhaduri 02-Dec-2008
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT ztest_sourav_excel NO STANDARD PAGE HEADING.

DATA:
oref_container TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container,
iref_control TYPE REF TO i_oi_container_control,
iref_document TYPE REF TO i_oi_document_proxy,
iref_spreadsheet TYPE REF TO i_oi_spreadsheet,
iref_error TYPE REF TO i_oi_error.

DATA:
v_document_url TYPE c LENGTH 256,
i_sheets TYPE soi_sheets_table,
wa_sheets TYPE soi_sheets,
i_data TYPE soi_generic_table,
wa_data TYPE soi_generic_item,
i_ranges TYPE soi_range_list.

PARAMETERS:
p_file TYPE localfile OBLIGATORY,
p_rows TYPE i DEFAULT 100 OBLIGATORY, "Rows (Maximum 65536)
p_cols TYPE i DEFAULT 10 OBLIGATORY. "Columns (Maximum 256)

INITIALIZATION.

CALL METHOD c_oi_container_control_creator=>get_container_control
IMPORTING
control = iref_control
error = iref_error.
IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
CALL METHOD iref_error->raise_message
EXPORTING
type = 'E'.
ENDIF.


CREATE OBJECT oref_container
EXPORTING
container_name = 'CONT'
EXCEPTIONS
cntl_error = 1
cntl_system_error = 2
create_error = 3
lifetime_error = 4
lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5
OTHERS = 6.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE e001(00) WITH 'Error while creating container'.
ENDIF.

CALL METHOD iref_control->init_control
EXPORTING
inplace_enabled = 'X'
r3_application_name = 'EXCEL CONTAINER'
parent = oref_container
IMPORTING
error = iref_error
EXCEPTIONS
javabeannotsupported = 1
OTHERS = 2.
IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
CALL METHOD iref_error->raise_message
EXPORTING
type = 'E'.
ENDIF.

CALL METHOD iref_control->get_document_proxy
EXPORTING
document_type = soi_doctype_excel_sheet
IMPORTING
document_proxy = iref_document
error = iref_error.
IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
CALL METHOD iref_error->raise_message
EXPORTING
type = 'E'.
ENDIF.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR p_file.

* To provide F4 help for the file
PERFORM sub_file_f4.

START-OF-SELECTION.

CONCATENATE 'FILE://' p_file INTO v_document_url.

CALL METHOD iref_document->open_document
EXPORTING
document_title = 'Excel'
document_url = v_document_url
open_inplace = 'X'
IMPORTING
error = iref_error.
IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
CALL METHOD iref_error->raise_message
EXPORTING
type = 'I'.
LEAVE LIST-PROCESSING.
ENDIF.

CALL METHOD iref_document->get_spreadsheet_interface
EXPORTING
no_flush = ' '
IMPORTING
error = iref_error
sheet_interface = iref_spreadsheet.

IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
CALL METHOD iref_error->raise_message
EXPORTING
type = 'I'.
LEAVE LIST-PROCESSING.
ENDIF.

CALL METHOD iref_spreadsheet->get_sheets
EXPORTING
no_flush = ' '
IMPORTING
sheets = i_sheets
error = iref_error.
IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
CALL METHOD iref_error->raise_message
EXPORTING
type = 'I'.
LEAVE LIST-PROCESSING.
ENDIF.
LOOP AT i_sheets INTO wa_sheets.
CALL METHOD iref_spreadsheet->select_sheet
EXPORTING
name = wa_sheets-sheet_name
IMPORTING
error = iref_error.
IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
EXIT.
ENDIF.
CALL METHOD iref_spreadsheet->set_selection
EXPORTING
top = 1
left = 1
rows = p_rows
columns = p_cols.

CALL METHOD iref_spreadsheet->insert_range
EXPORTING
name = 'Test'
rows = p_rows
columns = p_cols
no_flush = ''
IMPORTING
error = iref_error.
IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
EXIT.
ENDIF.

REFRESH i_data.

CALL METHOD iref_spreadsheet->get_ranges_data
EXPORTING
all = 'X'
IMPORTING
contents = i_data
error = iref_error
CHANGING
ranges = i_ranges.
DELETE i_data WHERE value IS INITIAL OR value = space.
ULINE.
WRITE:/1 wa_sheets-sheet_name COLOR 3.
ULINE.

LOOP AT i_data INTO wa_data.
WRITE:(50) wa_data-value.
AT END OF row.
NEW-LINE.
ENDAT.
ENDLOOP.
ENDLOOP.

CALL METHOD iref_document->close_document
IMPORTING
error = iref_error.
IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
CALL METHOD iref_error->raise_message
EXPORTING
type = 'I'.
LEAVE LIST-PROCESSING.
ENDIF.

CALL METHOD iref_document->release_document
IMPORTING
error = iref_error.
IF iref_error->has_failed = 'X'.
CALL METHOD iref_error->raise_message
EXPORTING
type = 'I'.
LEAVE LIST-PROCESSING.
ENDIF.

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form SUB_FILE_F4
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* F4 help for file path
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM sub_file_f4 .
DATA:
l_desktop TYPE string,
l_i_files TYPE filetable,
l_wa_files TYPE file_table,
l_rcode TYPE int4.

* Finding desktop
CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>get_desktop_directory
CHANGING
desktop_directory = l_desktop
EXCEPTIONS
cntl_error = 1
error_no_gui = 2
not_supported_by_gui = 3
OTHERS = 4.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE e001(00) WITH
'Desktop not found'.
ENDIF.

* Update View
CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>update_view
EXCEPTIONS
cntl_system_error = 1
cntl_error = 2
OTHERS = 3.

CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>file_open_dialog
EXPORTING
window_title = 'Select Excel file'
default_extension = '.xls'
file_filter = '.xls'
initial_directory = l_desktop
CHANGING
file_table = l_i_files
rc = l_rcode
EXCEPTIONS
file_open_dialog_failed = 1
cntl_error = 2
error_no_gui = 3
not_supported_by_gui = 4
OTHERS = 5.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE e001(00) WITH 'Error while opening file'.
ENDIF.

READ TABLE l_i_files INDEX 1 INTO l_wa_files.
IF sy-subrc = 0.
p_file = l_wa_files-filename.
ELSE.
MESSAGE e001(00) WITH 'Error while opening file'.
ENDIF.

ENDFORM. " SUB_FILE_F4

5 comments:

Dinesh_Born2Succeed said...

wow working gr8 gr8...:) lol...:)

Diego Mendez said...

Excellent. It works great. I am working on BPC and the regular FM's are not working there...

Thanks again

The Datawolf said...

GR8 !
Unfortunately, despite a filter condition on the sheet name I get data from another sheet ?!

yektek training said...

nice post thank you

Aniruddha Samanta said...

Simply superb! Thanks a lot. Works wonderfully. Thanks Sourav.

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